Particular attention is paid to the question of the compatibility of physical/physiological explanations for the motion sequences of living beings on the one hand with ethical convictions and intentional descriptions of action on the other. The deterministic positions of pre-Platonic philosophy (e.g. Empedocles), the Aristotelian theories of action and movement as well as the problem of free will in the Epicurean philosophy are central to this debate.
A seminal text for this research focus is Aristotle’s De Motu Animalium, in which the author covers the mechanical, hydraulic and thermodynamic prerequisites for the self-motion of living beings as well as the interaction between these physical conditions with the representations, desires, wishes or even decisions of the beings at stake. Acitivities of this research focus include the organization of the 19th Symposium Aristotelicum in July 2011, during which thirty researchers from various countries will be discussing the De Motu Animalium treatise. Hence one of the main tasks of this research focus will be to prepare a new critical edition of this text.